Saturday, September 20, 2014

Indian Gibsons of Charles City County

Chancery Records  
Indian Jane Gibson
Descendants
Thomas Gibson aka Mingo Jackson
&
Evans Family

[These records below show the earliest Gibsons in Charles City County were of Native American Heritage as early as 1620] 

At a District Court held at the Capitol in the City of Richmond, the 5th day of April 1792.

Thomas Gibson alias Mingo Jackson- plt.
against
David Ross- deft.

In trespass, assault, battery & false imprisonment

This day came the parties by their attornies and thereupon came a jury, to wit, Norborne Taliaferro, John Livingston, Robert Paisley, David Michie, George Gray, Elliot Buckner, Nicholas Giles, John Shobea, William Mewburn, Charles J. McMurdo, William H. Smith & William Winston, who being elected tried and sworn the truth to speak upon the issue joined upon their oath do say that the plt is a free man and not a slave as by replying he hath alledged and they do assess the plts damages by the occasion in the declaration mentioned to one penny besides his costs; Therefore It is considered by the Court that the plt. recover against the deft. his damages aforesaid in form aforesaid assessed and his costs by him about his suit in this behalf expended and the said defendant may be taken &c
A copy   Teste
J. Robinson, CS.C.R.




Chancery Court Records, Lynchburg County, Case 1821-033, 

Charles Evans etc., 
vs Lewis B. Allen

At a District Court held at the Capitol in the City of Richmond, the 4th day of April 1795.

Milley Evans, Sally Evans, Harry, Evans, Nancy Evan, Nelly Evans, Rachel Evans, Benjamin Evans, Archy Evans, Mary Evans, James Evans, Robin Evans and Milah Evans plts.
Against
David Ross, deft.

In trespass, assault, battery and false imprisonment

This day came the parties by their attornies and thereupon came a Jury, to wit; John Royal, Macon Green, Archer Paine, John Curd, Nathaniel W. Price, Thomas Bolling, Richard Young, John Trower, Francis Tompkins, Frederick Argyle, Archibald Dalzel and Reuben Munson who being elected tried and sworn the truth to speak upon the issue joined upon their oath do say that the plts. are free and not slaves as by replying they have alledged; Therefore It is considered by the Court that the plts. recover their freedom.

A copy   Teste
J. Robinson C.S.R.D.C.

John Robinson Clerk of the District Court aforesaid, do hereby certify that the foregoing is a true copy from the records of my office.

In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and (there being no seal of the said Court) affixed my own seal at Richmond aforesaid, the twenty first day of April one thousand eight hundred.

J. Robinson

Lewis B. Allen -Ads & Answers
Charles Evans &c
M.Craw for Deft
February 17th 1809

To the Honorable the Judges of the High Court of Chancery holder in and for the District of Richmond.
The answer of Lewis B. Allen to the bill of complaint against him by persons calling themselves Charles Evans, Amey Evans, Sukey Evans, Sinar Evans, Solomon Evans, Frankey Evans, Sally Evans, Milley Evans, Adam Evans, & Hannah Evans Exhibited: Saving and reserving now and at all times all manner of Exception to the many untruths, errors, and insufficiencies, for answer or so much as he is advised is material for him to answer - saith, first, that he is not the administrator of the estate of David Allen dec'd, and is therefore improperly called on as such; but as to asking the allegations of the bill of complaint this Respondent states that the complainants are all unknown to him as they are named - that he neither now holds, nor has he at any time ever held in Slavery any persons by the name of EVANS: the only slave or person whose name comports in any manner with the complainants who are claimed by this respondent is a Negro man by the name of Charles, who ran away eight or nine years since, but who never bore the name of EVANS to the knowledge of this respondent. The said Charles came to this Respondent from his ancestors the LEWIS Family, that is his Grandfather John Lewis, distinguished by the name of John Lewis (Mountain) which said Negro with his family and ancestors had always been slaves as far back as the recollection of any and the oldest of the family can reach without any pretension or claims to freedom whatsoever set up by them, which has come to the knowledge of this respondent.
Your respondent further states, that he cannot set forth the names of others of the family of the Complainants according to the prayer of this bill, as he knows none by the name of EVANS, that he never sold any known by that name or as he believes ever bore that name.

Your Respondent further states, that he has not, nor has he ever had in his possession, nor has he any knowledge of the Deposition of Ann Merriweather alluded to in the bill of Complaint, nor any other of a similar import ---and as to the case of Mingo Jackson this Respondent is perfectly ignorant of it: he knows not by what means his freedom was established - he knows not of what family he was, nor whether his freedom was had by collusion or not.

Finally your Respondent feeling no disposition to enslave those whose right it is to be free- nor has he the ingratitude to lavish or loose by inattention any small pittance bestowed on him by his ancestors- he would deem any decree oppressive which should deprive him of the property which he supposes himself justly entitled to or which might affect the right of the orphans of David Allen dec'd who are not represented to this court - having answered he prays to be dismissed &c

Pittsylvania S.ct, 26th January 1809
This day came Lewis B. Allen before me Nathaniel Wilson one of the Justices of the Peace for the County of Pittsylvania & State of Virginia and made oath that the facts contained in this answer so far as relates to himself are true, and such as he derives from information he believes to be true given under my hand this day and date above
Nath'l Wilson

To the honorable, the judge of the Superior Court of Chancery directed by case to be holden in the city of Richmond.

Humbly complaining shew unto your honor your orators and oratrixes Charles Evans, Amey Evans, Sukey Evans, Sisar Evans, Solomon Evans, Frankey Evans, Sally Evans Milly Evans, Adam Evans and Hannah Evans, holden in Slavery by Lewis Allen and permitted by this court to sue together here in forma pauperum as will in their own behalf, or in behalf of the others of their family whose names are unknown by our orators & oratrixes and whose cases are herein after stated That your orators and oratrixes are children of a free woman of colour named Amey; who was the daughter of another free woman of colour, named Sarah Colley, who was the daughter of another free woman of colour, named Frances Evans; who was a daughter of another free woman of colour, named Jane Gibson; that from the documents, depositions and copies from records hereto annexed, it will appear, that Thomas Gibson, alias Mingo Jackson, who is the son of Hannah, a sister by the mother's side to the aforesaid Amey, recovered his freedom from David Ross; as well as various other descendants from the said Frances Evans, by the name of EVANS: That your orators and oratrixes have just reason to fear, and do fear, that the aforesaid Lewis Allen, who holds them in slavery, will sell them as slaves, with out the limits, of this commonwealth; as he hath already sold several of the family aforesaid in North Carolina; whose names are unknown to your orators and oratrixes:

that the said Lewis Allen, whom your orators and oratrixes pray to be made defendant hereto, refuse to permit them to present their claims to freedom that the deposition of Ann Meriwether, which was taken in a suit instituted by them in the district court of Brunswick for their freedom against David Allen, whose administrator the defendant says that he is, and which suit abated  by the death of the said David Allen, is lost out of the office of the district court as aforesaid but is as your orator and oratrixes have been informed and believe, in the knowledge or possession of the defendant: that the said deposition fully establishes their rights.

To the end therefore, that the defendant may, on oath, perfect answer make to the premises: that they may be decreed to be free, and the deposition aforesaid of the said Ann Meriwether may be established and perpetuated, she being very aged and infirm; that the defendant may set forth the names of the other persons of the family of your orators and oratrixes whom he has sold; to whom he sold the; and at what prices: that the defendant may be compelled to give security for the forthcoming of those sold at some startday to be appointed, or that they may receive any further or other relief, more agreeable to equity.
May it please your honor to grant to your orators and oratrixes a writ of subpoena, and, if necessary, a writ of no exact to the said Lewis Allen directed, commanding him &c

Charles Evans &c
vs
Allen } Bill
February 1809 bill taken for confess
Oct'r Term 1821 Decree
Edm. Randolph begs leave to certify to the judge, that the complainant Charles Evans is now tied and confined to be sent from Richmond, and probably out of the Country, by the order of Lewis Allen, who cannot be served with a subpoena. A prohibition is therefore prayed against Allen, and all others persons.
May 7, 1805

To the honorable, the judge of the Richmond Chancery district court
The petition of Charles Evans, Amey Evans, Sukey Evans, Sisar Evans, Solomon Evans, Frankey Evans, Sally Evans, Milly Evans, Adam Evans and Hannah Evans holden in slavery by Lewis Allen, of the County of Halifax humbly sheweth: that your petitioners are descendants from Jane Gibson, a free Indian woman, who and most of whose posterity have obtained their freedom by judgments of different courts: that there is a great danger of their being removed out of the commonwealth by the said Allen; as some of the same blood have been sold by the said Allen in the state of North Carolina. Your petitioners therefore prays that they may be permitted to sue in forma pauperum &c.

March 5, 1804

I beg leave to certify it to be my opinion, that the above allegations are supported by documents in my possession, and that the petitioners are entitled to freedom.

Edm. Randolph, a counsel in the said court

Evans &c vs Allen} Petition
Evans &c vs Allen
On the petition of the said C. E. &c. for leave to sue in forma pauperum, and the certificate of E.R., one of the counsel attending this court leave is granted to them accordingly; and it is further ordered, that the said E.R. be assigned, as counsel, to prosecute in their behalf the suite to be instituted; and that the said Allen do not secrete or convey, or permit to be secreted or conveyed beyond the jurisdiction of this commonwealth any of the petitioners; but that at reasonable times they be some one of them be allowed to go and take depositions, wheresoever it shall be certified by their counsel aforesaid to be necessary.
Evans vs Allen} Petition
Mar 1804 Petitioners allowed to sue in forma pauperum

This day Abram Dugard personally appeared before me and made oath upon the Holy Evangelist of Almighty God, that on the first Monday in this present month he was in company with Lewis Allen at the Court House in this City that, while in his company Thomas Gibson alias Mingo Jackson came up when said Allen stop'd Gibson in the street and ask'd him if he was not Gibson, to which he replied that he was, and with an appearance of trans ask'd in return if he was "Master" Allen? Allen replied that he was. Allen immediately asked Gibson where Charles was, when Gibson answered that he did not know, but was glad to see Mr. Allen with a hope of getting matters settled.  Gibson then asked Allen what had become of Charles's mother Amy, who was sister to his (Gibson's) mother, and her two youngest children. Allen answered that she had run away.  Gibson replied that Allen and his kinsman Allen Hunt had sold her; & Allen denied it and repeated, that she had run away. Gibson replied that a gentleman now on the Assembly could give testimony that he had sold her. In the course of the conversation Gibson asked Allen who was executor or administrator to his father's estate. He replied that he was; and that if Gibson would find Charles he would give him fifty dollars, and would suffer himself to be sued by Charles. Allen proceeded to enjoin it on Gibson to look for Charles and said that on his finding him, he would pay him fifty dollars, and that he would fix him, meaning Charles.
Richmond Ss.

Sworn to by the aforenamed Abraham Dugard, before me a magistrate for the city, this 15th day of December 1803.
Sam'l Pleasants Jr.
To Mr. E. Randolph - from - Charles Evans

Cha's Evans vs Allen case
Frances Evans died in possession of Col'o Wm. Mereweather. Sarah Collins [Colley] was the daughter of said Frances Evans. Amey, Hannah, Beck, Cate, Milly, Mica & Franky were the daughters of said Sarah Collins. At the death of Col'o Wm. Mereweather the said Sarah Collins [Colley] & Amey decended to Richard Merewether. By the last Will of said Richard Mereweather the said Amey was bequeathed to Tho's Mereweather. I was well acquainted with said Amey, having had her to live with me. Tho's Mereweather sold the said Amey and her son Charles to Col'o David Allen dec'd.

Ann Meriwether
Hanover County Sct.
Mrs. Anne Mereweather this 15th day of December 1803 made oath before me a magistrate of said County that the foregoing statement of facts is correctly stated as she believes.
Benjamin Pollard

Gibson v Ross
Copies of Sundry Papers
Edm'd Randolph Esqr., Richmond
Charles City County, to wit;

The deposition of Robert Wills in the suit Thomas Gibson alias Mingo Jackson plt. against David Ross deft. taken in presence of the plt. & Mr. Vannerson agent for Mr. Ross by consent, at the house of the said Wills this 25th day of June 1791, who being first duly sworn deposeth and saith,

 [1720] and were free people; That the said Jane Gibson had two children named Jane and George Gibson, that they were also free; That the said Jane Gibson the younger intermarried with a certain _____ Evans of the said County, by whom she had several children, one named Frances Evans Grand Daughter of the said Jane Gibson above named, that the said Frances Evans removed to New Kent County, where she lived and had several children, two of whom, as the said Frances Evans informed this deponant were named Tom and Frances Evans, and were bound to one LIGHTFOOT of New Kent. This information was made to this Depon't by the said Frances Evans the elder when she was on a visit to her friends in this County, who were neighbours to this deponant. This deponant; This deponant further saith, that after the said great Grandchildren Viz: Tom & Frances were bound to the said LIGHTFOOT he never heard any thing more relative to them; That many of the descendants of the said GIBSONS and EVANS now in this deponants knowledge are alive, and are enjoying their freedom unmolested and have remained so since this deponants first acquaintance with the said Jane Gibson the elder; That many of them are black, some nearly white and others dark mulattoes, which this deponant supposes proceeded from a promiscious intercourse with different colours.
Questions by the defts agent. Do you know any thing of the descendants of the said Frances Evans, who was bound to LIGHTFOOT? No I do not.
What became of Frances Evans and her brother after they were bound to LIGHTFOOT? I know nothing of them, but from the information of their mother aforesaid.

Do you know any free mulattoes or blacks who have descended from a branch of the name of EVANS, who are they and from whom did they spring?
I know a number of them, to wit, in Charles City, the SCOTTs, BRADBYs, SMITHs, REDCROSSes alias EVANS, MORRISSes alias EVANS, and in Henrico the BOWMANs, all descendants from the original stock of the GIBSON, to wit, Jane EVANS Daughter of Jane GIBSON.
Do you know or have you ever known of any other free persons by the name of EVANSS of a different family?  I do not except in Caroline.
How do you know that the children of Frances Evans were named Tom & Frances, and how old would they be were they now alive:  I heard their mother say so; I cannot tell how old, but they would be many years old.
How old are you?  I am in my eighty first year.
And further this deponant saith not.
Rob't Wills
Taken before me a Justice of the peace for the County afores'd the day above
Stith Hardyman

The deposition of Robert Wills a witness in the suit of Thomas Gibson alias Mingo Jackson against David Ross taken in virtue of the annexed Commission from the District Court of Henrico, before John Pleasants a Justice of the peace for the said County of Henrico by consent of the parties at Norwich Mills in the County aforesaid on Saturday the 9th day of July 1791, Robert Pleasants attending for the plaintiff, and Wm. Vannerson on behalf of the defendant.  This deponant being first duly sworn on the Holy Evangelists deposeth and saith that for his testimony in this suit he can only refer to his former deposition taken at his own house in Charles City County, on Saturday the 25th day of June last unless the parties have any other questions to ask him.
Questions by the defendant.
How old were you when you were firs acquainted with the elder Jane Gibson and George her brother?
Answer   I believe I was ten or eleven years old or thereabouts.
Quest.  How old do you suppose they were and how long did they live afterwards?
Answer.  Jane Gibson the elder was very old, I apprehend she was eighty years of age, being past all labour - Mr. Carter my Master took her to live with him at Shirley where I then lived to brew a diet drink, he being afflicted with a dropsy - The old Jane Gibson I suppose might live two or three years. Her daughter Jane widow to an EVANS (whose christian name I am not certain of but believe it was Morris), lived a considerable number of years after my first acquaintance with her- she bore the name of EVANS as did all her children.
Quest.   About what time were you acquainted with Jane and George Gibson the children of Jane, and how old were they when you were first acquainted with them?
Answer.  I knew Jane Evans the daughter some time before I knew the old woman, which I believe as I have deposed in my former deposition must be seventy years ago; she was an old woman when I became acquainted with her, she practised midwifery and doctoring in families, but was not above sixty I should suppose: George too was an old person, I believe - Jane was the older.
Quest.  About what time did Jane and George Gibson the children of Jane Gibson die?   Answer    I do not know
Quest.  About what year did Jane Gibson the younger intermarry with  ___ EVANS?   Answer   That I cannot possibly tell it must have been long before I was born.
Quest.  About what year do you believe to the best of your recollection or judgment was Frances Evans the Grand daughter of old Jane Gibson born?
Answer   She had children bound out when I first knew her, so that she must have been born long before I was, as I should suppose.
Quest.  Then as you know so little about her how do you know she (Frances Evans) was the daughter of Jane Evans, and that Jane Evans was descended from Jane Gibson?  Answer.  I know nothing but common reputation they called each other by the name of Mother and daughter.
Quest.  About what year did the said Frances Evans remove to New Kent?
Answer.  I never knew her until she came on a visit to her mother, she then lived there as she reported; when she came there to live I knew nothing about it.
Quest.  About what year did the said Frances Evans inform you she had bound two of her children Frances and Tom to Mr. Lightfoot of New Kent when she came on a visit to her friends in Charles City?   Ans'r.   I cannot recollect that with any certainty, I suppose fifty eight or fifty nine years ago or somewhere thereabouts.
Quest. Did you understand from her how old they were at that time, if not how old do you suppose they were, and how long had they been bound before she informed you of it?
Answer.   That I know nothing about.
Quest.  If the said Frances Evans and her brother Tom who are said to have been bound to one LIGHTFOOT were now alive how old would they be to the best of your judgment?
Ans'r.   I do not know that; they were probably as old as myself; I never saw either of them nor asked any questions about their age.
Quests. by the plaintiff  1. Was not the mother of Sarah Redcross (now living in Charles City) alias Sarah Evans named Frances Evans, and was she not related as by common reputation believed to Frances Evans that was bound to LIGHTFOOT?
Ans'r.  About twenty four or twenty five years ago Frances Evans was about in Charles City County, and was claimed as a mother by Sarah Redcross, and Sarah Redcross said that her mother was the grand daughter of Jane Evans the daughter of Jane Gibson - she went away and I know not what became of her, but have been informed (I suppose twenty years ago) that she was dead.
Quest. by deft.  Why do you in this deposition call Mr. Carter your master?
Answer.  My father gave me to him when I was ten years of age, and he brought me up and had me taught my trade of a carpenter.
Quest.  for how many years were you acquainted with that particular family of the GIBSONs and EVANSs, which have been the object of your testimony in this suit meaning the three first generations and where did you live during that time?
Ans'r.  I lived at Shirley where the said Jane Gibson died, and as Jane Evans lived within two miles of Shirley I was frequently in her family and she was very often at Shirley as was the rest of the family being employed there in different sorts of work, as for how long, I have already said about seventy years ago I first became acquainted with old Jane Gibson and Jane Evans, and knew them to their death, but cannot say exactly how long they did live from the time I first knew them.
Quest.  Will you please to answer the second question in this deposition more fully, you have in your answer to that question said nothing about George Gibson the elder?
Ans:  I never mentioned more than one George Gibson, the Son of the elder Jane Gibson, brother to Jane Evans.  [This George would be born about 1660-1670 - he can't be the George of 1656 records in CCC] If it be so expressed in my former deposition it was misconceived, I never did know any but one of that name.  And further this deponent saith not.

Robert Wills

Taken and signed before me this 9th day of July 1791.
John Pleasants

The deposition of John Meriwether Gent. taken this day at his house in the City of Richmond in a suit now depending in the Henrico District Court wherein Thomas Gibson alias Mingo Jackson is plt. and David Ross defendant.
This deponent aged sixty nine years being firs sworn on the Holy Evangelists of Almighty God deposeth and saith that William Meriwether this deponents late father often told this deponent in his lifetime that he purchased of one LIGHTFOOT in New Kent a mulatto wench named Frank Evans and also her brother named ______ Evans; that this deponent believes that they were young when sold by the said LIGHTFOOT to this deponents said father; that the said Frank Evans to the best of this deponents remembrance had four children (one died young) the three surviving children were named Tom Evans, Tompson and Sarah called Sarah Colly, she was called Sarah Colly because Frank Evans the mother of the said Sarah had the said child by a white servant man of the name James Colley who lived in the family of this deponents father and was his servant; that the said Sarah Colley had three children when this deponent  after the death of his said father, divided the slaves as administrator of his said father's estate among his brothers and sisters; that the said children of the said Sarah Colly were called Hanah, Beck and Amey, and were allotted in the following manner, to wit;  Sarah Colley and her said daughter Amey were allotted to Richard Meriwether; and Hanah was allotted to Thomas Meriwether; and the said Beck to this deponents Sister Jane Hudson; this deponent always understood from his brother Thomas Meriwether that the said Sarah Colley had a Negro fellow belong to Col'o Edward Carter for her husband, that the said Sarah Colley was much attached to him and when the said Thomas Meriwether was about to move from Louisa to Halifax County he to oblige her sold her the said Sarah Colley to Col'o Edward Carter of Albemarle where the said Sarah Colley then lived on the land of Rich'd Meriwether who on his death devised his land and slaves to the said Thomas Meriwether and the sale was after the death of the said Rich'd Meriwether.  And further this deponent saith not.
John Meriwether

This deposition was taken this day before us whose names are hereto subscribed in virtue of a commission to us directed legal notice being proven, which may more full appear by the affidavit of notice and the commission from the District Court of Henrico &c which are hereto annexed.

Jno. Barret
T. B. Adams
Richmond, 13th Novem'r 1790

The foregoing are copies of sundry depositions filed in the suit of Gibson against Ross lately depending in the Richmond District.
Teste
J. Robinson, C.R.D.C.

Virginia

At a Superior Court of Chancery holden at the Capitol in the City of Richmond the 1st day of February 1809 -- Charles Evans, Amey Evans, Sukey Evans, Sinar Evans, Solomon Evans, Frankey Evans, Sally Evans, Milly Evans, Adam Evans and Hannah Evans holden in Slavery by Lewis Allen, Plts.
Against
Lewis Allen, Deft.
The subpoena awarded in this cause being returned executed on the defendant and three months since filing the bill, and the return of the subpoena having elapsed and the still failing to file his answer on motion of the plaintiffs by counsel, the court doth take their bill for confessed and will proceed at a future day to decree the matter thereof, unless the said defendant on or before the tenth day of the term next after he shall have been served with a copy of this order shew cause to the contrary.
A Copy
Teste
Wm. W. Hening C.C.

Evans &ad.
vs
Allen
November 12, 1807
Not Found -  Ben Sheppard - Dpy. for Wm. Price, Shff.
The Commonwealth of Virginia,
To the Sheriff of _______county, Greeting:

You are hereby commanded to summon LEWIS ALLEN

to appear at the Capitol, in the City of Richmond, on the first day of the next term, before the Judge of the Superior Court of Chancery, directed by law to be holden in the said City, to answer a bill exhibited against him in the said Court, by Charles Evans, Amey Evans, Suckey Evans, Sinie Evans, Solomon Evans, Franklen Evans, Sally Evans, Milly Evans, Adam Evans and Hannah Evans holden in slavery by the said Lewis Allen.

And this he shall in no wise omit, under the penalty of 100 l. And have then there this writ.  Witness, Peter Tinsley, Clerk of our said Court at Richmond, this 5th day of October 1807 and, in the 32nd year of the Commonwealth.

P. Tinsley

E. Randolph

Evans vs Lewis Allen

Executed 5th of Sep'r 1808.   Wm. Yancey, Dep. of L. Callan, Shff.

(Pittsylvania)

The Commonwealth of Virginia
To the Sheriff of  _______County, Greeting:
You are hereby commanded to summon LEWIS ALLEN
to appear at the Capitol in the City of Richmond, on the seventeenth day of the next term, before the Judge of the Superior Court of Chancery, directed by law to be holden in the said City, to answer a bill exhibited against him in the said Court, by Charles Evans, Amey Evans, Sukey Evans, Sinar Evans, Solomon Evans, Frankey Evans, Sally Evans, Milly Evans, Adam Evans and Hannah Evans, holden in Slavery by Lewis Allen.

And this he shall in no wise omit, under the penalty of 100 l.  And have then there writ. Witness, PETER TINSLEY, Clerk of our said Court at Richmond, this 30th day of June 1808, and in the 32nd year of the Commonwealth.

Peter Tinsley, C.C.


Evans
vs
Allen
Not Found, N. Sheppard Dpy.
The Commonwealth of Virginia
To the Sheriff of Henrico County, Greeting:

You are hereby commanded to summon LEWIS ALLEN

to appear at the Capitol in the City of Richmond, on the 17th day of the next term, before the Judge of the Superior Court of Chancery, directed by law to be holden in the said City, to answer a bill exhibited against him in the said Court, by Charles Evans, Amey Evans, Suckey Evans, Senah Evans, Solomon Evans, Frankey Evans, Sally Evans, Milly Evans, Adam Evans and Hannah Evans holden in Slavery by the said Lewis Allen.

And this he shall in no wise omit, under the penalty of 100 l.  And have then there this writ.  Witness PETER TINSLEY, Clerk of our said Court at Richmond, this 30th day of Apl. 1805, and in the 29th year of the Commonwealth.

P. Tinsley
vs
Allen

No Inhabitant of Halifax County Isaac Medley DShff, for Wm. McDaniel Shff
The Commonwealth of Virginia
To the Sheriff of  _______County, Greeting:

You are hereby commanded to summon LEWIS ALLEN

to appear at the Capitol in the City of Richmond, on the 1st day of the next term, before the Judge of the High Court of Chancery, sitting as the Chancery District Court directed by law to be holden in the said City, to answer a bill exhibited against him in the said Court, by Charles Evans, Amey Evans, Suckey Evans, Sinah Evans, Solomon Evans, Frankey Evans, Sally Evans, Milly Evans, Adam Evans and Hannah Evans holden in Slavery by the said Lewis Allen.

And this he shall in no wise omit, under the penalty of 100 l.  And have then there this writ.  Witness PETER TINSLEY, Clerk of our said Court at Richmond, this 20th day of June 1804, and in the 28th year of the Commonwealth.

P. Tinsley
To Mr. Creek Taylon, Attorney
Cononel David Allen deceased
leaving the names following In Possession of his widdow Affa Allen and Lewis Allen Aimey Evins  Charles Evins Suckey Evins Sinar Evins Solomon Evins Frankey Evins Salley Evins Milley Evins Adam Evins Hannah Evins
thease are the names of the Children of the above mentioned Aimey{ now in the possession Affa & Lewis Allen Also Sinar & Suckkey having 5 Children.
Jane Gibson an Indian Woman  the ancestor

Geo. Gibson her son  Jane Gibson the younger married  Morris Evans             
Frances Evans who Went into New Kent Tom Evans bound         Frances Evans bound to Lightfoot of New Kent  Tom --Tomson ---Sarah Coley A slave of       Col. Ed Carter    Hannah --- Beck ---- Amey

The Plaintiffs

Charles Evans, Amey Evans, Suckey Evans Sinar Evans, Solomon Evans, Frankey Evans, Sally Evans, Milly Eavans, Adam Evans and Hannah Evans, holden in Slavery by Lewis Allen vs the said Lewis Allen
Copies Teste,
Wm. W. Hening, C.C.




Wednesday, September 17, 2014

In The Beginning

In The Beginning



The records below will show EDWARD GIBSON at Falling Creek [1] and Weynoke [3] Indian Jane Gibson at Shirley [5] GIBBY GIBSON at Westover [4] and GEORGE GIBSON etc., at Upper Chippoakes Creek [2] -- across from Upper Chippoakes Creek is Sandy Point [6], the Lightfoot Cemetery where THOMAS, GIBBY, AND FRANCIS GIBSON are buried. 


The first Gibson of record in Virginia was Thomas Gibson who came with Christopher Newport on the Second Supply in 1608.  Thomas was brought over as a carpenter and immediately went with John Smith to build a home for Powhatan.  We have no further record of Thomas Gibson, however these two letters may provide a clue.


Brown 1964:572
[Vol. 2589, folio 61]
Marquess of Flores to Philip III, King of Spain
1 Aug. 1612
Reported by a source that "some of the people who have gone there, think now some of them should marry the women of the savages of that country; and he tells me that there are already 40 or 50 thus married." Also reported that the other Englishmen, after being put among them, have become savages themselves while the women, whom they took out, also have gone among the savages where they have been received & treated well. A minister who admonished them was "seriously wounded in many places" because "he reprehended them."
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Brown
1964: 632-633
[Vol. 2572, folio 10]
Don Pedro de Cunega to Philip III, King of Spain
22 7br 1612
A person (of good credit) reported that "they treate and have a determination to marrie some of ye People that goe thether with the Virginians... fortie or fiftie are already married there." And other English intermingled w/them & women "sent over to live among the Virginians are received & used kindly by them." They wounded a minister after he reprehended them.
The Living and Dead Census taken February 16, 1623 shows one Francis Gibson living near the Jeremiah Clement family. Two generations later we have George Gibson a neighbor of Jeremiah Clements on Chippoakes Creek.


William Knott, 312 Acres, Surry Co 28 Mar 1666, p. 482 (land patents). 112 acres on south side of James River on south side of Upper Chipoake Creek, bounded NW on land of Edward Oliver, N upon Wm. Thomas, E on George Gibson & SE on Mr. Fisher; 200 acres on south side of said River, Wly. on Jeremiah Clements, NW on Edward Oliver, Nly on Wm. Thomas, George Gibson & Edward Minter, Ely. on Wm. Gapins land & Mr. Thomas Busbie and SE on Mr. Richard Hill  [Thomas Busby was Indian trader and interpreter for the Crown.]
On the 1624/25 Muster Rolls there are no Gibson/Gybsons listed but we have Francis Gibbs, a boy, servant to Ralph Hamor [Hamor was married to widowed mother of Jeremiah Clements]  of Jamestown and John Gibbs a 'partner' of Christopher Safford at "Jordans Jorney"  in Charles City.  

Mrs. Jeffrey Clements, nee Lady Elizabeth Fuller, following the death of her husband, Jeffrey/Geoffrey Clements, at Oxford, England, went to Jamestown, Virginia 1611.

They lived through the Indian Massacre of 1622 at James
Citie, and she married 2nd 1621, Ralph Hamor, Secretary of the Colony.


After her death, Gov. Harvey, granted to her eldest son, Jeremiah Clements, 350 acres at Upper Chippoakes Creek, Surry County, Virginia, 16 August 1657.  (Land Patents 1, p. 116)  Jeremiah was member of the Assembly for James Citie, Jan. 12, 1641. (Virginia Historical Magazine, Vol. 9, p 51, Burgess.)

Not mentioned in these early records was Edward Gibson;  
On March 7, 1624 it was reported to the General Court that Edward Gibson had administered physic to the sick at Falling Creek. He also treated the sick at Weyanoke  [Charles City County] . Thus he probably was a surgeon or an apothecary.
 Falling Creek (15)
In 1619 the Company sent 150 persons to Virginia "to set up three iron works" in view of the fact of "proofe having been made of the extraordinary goodnesse of that iron." This was further manifestation of the continuing interest in Virginia resources, particularly iron. This apparently led to the establishment at Falling Creek of the first regular ironworks within the Colony. 
Located at 'Henrico Cittie' the site was recently discovered 5 miles from Richmond, where both George and Gilbert Gibson are found in the early 1700s. 



The Indian Gibsons

In 1640 Jane Gibson, an Indian woman was born in Charles City County according to the deposition of Robert Wills, taken in 1790 at his home in Charles City County.  Testimony also shows Jane had a brother or a son named George Gibson, she possibly may have had both brother and son, and a daughter Jane Gibson.  Jane, the daughter, married to Morris Evans, their daughter and her descendants would become enslaved.  Thomas Gibson aka Mingo Jackson sued and won his freedom proving he descended from the Indian Jane Gibson.

Questions by the defendant.  How old were you when you were first acquainted with the elder Jane Gibson and George her brother?  
 Answer   I believe I was ten or eleven years old or thereabouts. 
Quest.  How old do you suppose they were and how long did they live afterwards? 
Answer.  Jane Gibson the elder was very old, I apprehend she was eighty years of age, [born about 1640] being past all labour - Mr. Carter my Master took her to live with him at Shirley where I then lived to brew a diet drink, he being afflicted with a dropsy - The old Jane Gibson I suppose might live two or three years. Her daughter Jane widow to an EVANS (whose christian name I am not certain of but believe it was Morris), lived a considerable number of years after my first acquaintance with her- she bore the name of EVANS as did all her children.
Quest.   About what time were you acquainted with Jane and George Gibson the children of Jane, and how old were they when you were first acquainted with them?  
Answer.  I knew Jane Evans the daughter some time before I knew the old woman, which I believe as I have deposed in my former deposition must be seventy years ago; she was an old woman when I became acquainted with her, she practised midwifery and doctoring in families, but was not above sixty I should suppose: George too was an old person, I believe - Jane was the older.
The deposition of John Meriwether Gent. taken this day at his house in the City of Richmond in a suit now depending in the Henrico District Court wherein Thomas Gibson alias Mingo Jackson is plt. and David Ross defendant.
This deponent aged sixty nine years being first sworn on the Holy Evangelists of Almighty God deposeth and saith that William Meriwether this deponents late father often told this deponent in his lifetime that he purchased of one LIGHTFOOT in New Kent a mulatto wench named Frank Evans and also her brother named ______ Evans; 


The Chavis Family and Chippoakes Creek

For years Paul Heinegg's entry for the Gibson Family said; “The Gibson family PROBABLY  descended from Elizabeth Chavis," which is the records show is not correct as the Gibsons had been here some time before Thomas Chavis arrived in 1653/54.   

Elizabeth Chavis petitioned the General Court of Virginia to release her son Gibson Gibson as it is recorded but likely Gibeon or Gideon Gibson,  who had been unlawfully bound by Berr. Mercer to Thomas Barber, who had gone to England leaving the boy with Samuel Austin.  Consider this 1656 law;
In 1655 provision was made that Indian children could become indentured servants only by consent of their parents and for specified terms agreed upon and such children were to be educated in the Christian religion.  
 In Virginia, 1656, it was provided that Indian children brought into the colony as hostages should be assigned to masters by choice of their parents, but should not be made slaves. Again, in 1658, it was decreed that any Indian children disposed of by their parents to a white man for “education and instruction in the Christian religion”, or for any other purpose, were not to be turned over to any other person upon any pretext whatever, and any such child was to be free at the age of twenty-five.
 Could Elizabeth have went to court to have her 'Indian child' released because he had 'been turned over' to Samuel Austin illegally?

Who was Elizabeth Chavis?  Some say she was the orphaned minor daughter of Thomas Chavis who bore a son out of wedlock. It is more likely, and very probable, that upon the death of the Indian Mr. Gibson of Chippoakes Creek, the widowed Elizabeth Gibson married the widow, Mr. Thomas Chavis.   The age of minor Elzizabeth and the birth of Gibson/Gibeon Gibson has always been a problem for researchers trying to make that work. 


Westover

Charles City County, Virginia Wills & Deeds, 1725-1731
p. 122 - 7 September 1726 Deed of Gift  Gibby Gibson of Westover Parish, Charles City Co., planter, for fatherly loved and affection to my daughter Mary Smith, items and one negro boy Simon, for life, and then to her son Tom, and if he dies, her son Lightfoot, ...

Will of Gibby Gibson of Charles City Co. , "very weak'.
My riding horse to be sold to pay Col. Lightfoot.To Hannah Dennam, my negro boy Jack, for life, and then to my son Gibby Gibson.To wife Francis: my negro girl Vicky, for life, and then to my daughter Fran: SmithTo my son in law George Smith, 2 negroes - Sovilaty and Jin.To Hannah Dennam, my negro boy Peter for life and then to my daughter Fran SmithTo my son Edward Gibson, my negro Judey, my wearing clothes, carpenters tools, and coopers toolsTo George Smith, 2 sheets, 2 blankets and a ruggTo Tabitha Rollinson, negro girl Nanny.George Smith to take care of my cattle and they are to be divided equally between my wife and granddaughter Sarah Smith.To wife my two working Horses and hoggs.Rest of my estate to George Smith and he to be executor , Dated 2 March 1726/7Witt: Benja. Moody, Robert Cade,(*) James BlankesSigned: Gibby(G) GibsonCodicil: Negro boy Peter given in will to Hannah Dennam and then to Frances Smith, is to go to my son George Gibson
Gibby's son, Gilbert/Gibby owned land in New Kent, Louisa, Albemarle and Goodchland. He left a will and a large family. his son Edmund died shortly after his father and left two daughters, Frances married to George Smith and 2nd to William Chavis, Mary married also to a Smith, Tabitha married George Rollinson/Rawlinson.  Tabitha and her sister went to Bertie Co., North Carolina and later found in Granville County, they are likely part of the 'Saponi families' residing on the land of Indian trader William Eaton in 1754. Hannah Denham and son George Gibson remain unaccounted for. 

There are a number of George Gibson of record in Charles City County and later other counties in Virginia as well as North Carolina. 
  • 1733 Richmond VA DB09:14 Thomas DODSON Sen and wife Mary and Thomas DODSON Jr. and wife Elizabeth, all of North Farnham to Jonathan LYELL .......Wits: Robt. REYNOLDS, George GIBSON, Wm. CREEL. Recorded 1 Apr 1734
  • 1737 George Gibson sued William Drinkard in Charles City County
  • 1741 George Gibson granted a patent for 62 acres on Pease Hill Swamp in Charles City County
  • 1741 November, George Gibson and George Gibson Jr., court presented for not going to church.
  • 1745 Charles City County - Phillis Goeing (Gowen) petitioned George Gibson  concerning her children, but he failed to answer the petition so the court ordered the churchwardens to bind them out.
  • 1745 Charles City County - Captain Samuel Harwood posted 20 pounds security for good behavior of George Gibson for a year. In February 1745/6 he, William Witherspoon, and John Atkinson provided a total of 80 pounds security for his good behavior, and he and his son Randolph Gibson and his wife Elizabeth posted bond of 20 pounds each for the good behavior of Randolph and Elizabeth.
  • 1745 Louisa County, Virginia George Gibson purchased 320 acres in Louisa County and he and his wife Susanna sold 90 acres in Louisa County to William Donathan
  • 1745 Louisa County Virginia - Ordered that William Hall, Samuel Collins, Thomas Collins, William Collins, Samuel Bunch, George Gibson , Benjamin Branham, Thomas Gibson, and William Donathan be summoned to appear at the next Court to answer the presentment of the Grand jury this day made against them for concealing tithables within twelve months past." pled not guilt 



To Be Continued